Defining the areas of Neuroscience and what they focus on:
Affective neuroscience: Research looks at how neurons behave in relation to emotions
Behavioural neuroscience: This is the study of how the brain affects behaviour.
Clinical neuroscience: Medical specialists, such as neurologists and psychiatrists, look at the disorder’s findings to find ways to treat and prevent them as well as ways to rehabilitate those who have undergone neurological damage.
Cognitive neuroscience: This looks at how the brain forms and creates thoughts and the neural factors that underlie those processes combining neuroscience with the cognitive sciences in psychology and psychiatry.
Computational neuroscience: Scientists try to understand how brains compute.
Cultural neuroscience: Looking at the interaction between cultural factors is a new discipline covering variations in health which may help scientists avoid cultural bias
Developmental neuroscience: How do the brain and the nervous system evolve through our lifetime. Helping them describe a range of developmental disorders while generating clues about neurological tissues and how the brain regenerates.
Molecular and cellular neuroscience: Scientists look at the role of individual molecules, genes, and proteins in the functioning of nerves and the nervous system
Neuroengineering: Using engineering techniques to better understand, replace, repair, or improve neural systems.
Neuroimaging: concentrating on the brain neuroimaging is used to diagnose disease and assess the health of the brain as well as study of the brain’s functions and operations
Neuroinformatics: This collaboration is between computer scientists and neuroscientists. Experts develop effective ways to collect, analyze, share, and publish data.
Neurolinguistics: Specializing in how the brain enables us to acquire, store, process and utilize language and how language programs the brain and is at the core of thought, behaviour, output and change
Neurophysiology: This study on the role of the nervous system, from the subcellular level to whole organs. It helps scientists understand how human thought works and provides insight into disorders relating to the nervous system.